Italian students as a political actor. the policy impact of the recent

You get over it.

Political turmoil in Italy weighs on US markets

You carry it with you. It is an introspective and angst-filled admission, somewhat unusual for Italian Americans, who tend to vacillate between voluble romanticism and hardheaded pragmatism. It is a stylish, engaging, and thoughtful documentary of nearly years of history, chronicling the migration of a largely southern Italian population to America, beginning in the late s and following its winding path toward the American mainstream.

Giannini to Chef Boyardee. It plumbs the complexities of immigrant assimilation and American ethnic identity in relatively sophisticated ways. In addition to the discussion of famous Italian Americans and the thoughts of academic talking heads, the documentary tries to include the perspectives of average Italian Americans.

For this is their history, as much as it is the history of the wealthy and the successful. The loss of traditions and a psychic sense of displacement mix with the benefits of becoming a middle-class American.

TOP 65 Greatest Political Essay Topics

There are always two sides to every bargain. Italian immigrants began arriving in large numbers in the late s as relatively unskilled labor that helped fuel a booming industrial economy. These Italian workers seemed unlikely new Americans. Most of those early arrivals were young men leaving a semifeudal Italian South that held little in the way of opportunity.

They brought over their families and created ethnic enclaves in Northern cities and small industrial towns of Pennsylvania and Ohio. Each immigrant group possesses its own strategies for survival and success. For Italians, theirs rested upon two pillars: work and family.

Italian immigrants helped provide the labor for American factories and mines and helped build roads, dams, tunnels, and other infrastructure.

Their work provided them a small economic foothold in American society and allowed them to provide for their families, which stood at the core of Italian-American life. Another paradox is that although Italian Americans tend to respect authority, especially the authority of parents and elders, they also harbor a suspicion of broader authority figures, such as univision houston reporters and the Catholic hierarchy.

This stems from the distrust of such authority in Italy. In America, the family stood as a bulwark against the larger, sometimes hostile, institutions. One finds many Italians becoming naturalized in the years to as war erupted in Europe.

Yet the war would prove to be the third key foundation of Italian-American assimilation. The stereotypical Hollywood wartime platoon usually included the Italian American from Brooklyn. Soldiers like Congressional Medal of Honor winner John Basilone, one of thirteen Italian Americans to win the award, became national heroes. Even in the s and s, however, Italians encountered prejudice and negative stereotypes.

Much of that was related to the Mafia. Often victimized by organized crime, Italian Americans also found their collective reputation tarnished by organized crime, even as they climbed the socioeconomic ladder. The book and the movie also provided a more unfortunate justification for organized crime: The business of Don Corleone and his family seemed to differ very little from the business of American capitalists.

There seems to be no end to mob-themed entertainment, yet there is no denying the greatness of some of the work or its popularity among Italian Americans, as well as the broader public. In the early s, a medical survey found its residents had a lower-than-average incidence of heart disease. Researchers argued that the explanation lay in the social cohesion of a community centered on large Italian families, the local Catholic church, and ethnic associations.

When researchers returned to Roseto years later, however, they found that heart disease rates were no longer exceptionally low, but rather in keeping with other nearby towns.After decades of political passivity, Italian students have massively mobilized in the years and to protest the implementation of two political measures fostering a neoliberal conception of higher education. More notably, the casus belli of these mobilizations concerned the implementation of a financial measure cutting public funding for higher education inaccompanied by a New Public Management NPM reform of university governance in Despite a high rate of participation, none of the two mobilizations managed to alter the political course of events.

The Italian government approved and implemented the two measures and the Italian student movement lost this political battle. In short, recent student mobilizations failed to produce any policy impact on the Italian field of higher education.

Why was this the case?

italian students as a political actor. the policy impact of the recent

My argument is that organizationally and politically fragmented protests are not able to influence policy issues that have a low public relevance, especially in periods of economic crisis and political austerity. I contend that this was precisely the case of the Italian student protests of and Location of Repository. Italian Students as a Political Actor. Topics:Higher education; Italy; policy impact; political salience; student protests.

italian students as a political actor. the policy impact of the recent

OAI identifier: oai:siba-ese. Suggested articles.Being a student requires writing a lot of research papers, projects, essays, and assignments, right? So, a political essay itself is an ordinary essay on any kind of topic concerning political context. It means that you can write not only about politics strictlybut also choose a topic related to it. How about covering issues, like international relations, different kinds of political influence on various population groups, a wide range of social and political connections or your own unique topic concerning politics, its effects or consequences?

However, you should keep in mind that writing about any political issue demands accuracy and a lot of research work. A successful political essay requires complete awareness of what you are writing about. What is more, you may need to search for political essay examples to examine specific features of this paper.

Another crucial thing is the topic. Here you may find some helpful political essay topics to choose from or to help you come up with an exceptional idea. Here are some basic topics for your political essay. Loads of students go for writing a political ideology essay. Broader topics, on the other hand, cover connections between politics and other institutions like the church, religion, history, philosophy, etc. Usually, socialization topics cover various aspects of society and life.

These topics can be connected with peoples or particular groups of people regarding the political context. As those topics below are scientific, they most surely would demand reading a decent amount of literature about political history and its development. Argumentative topics are fascinating, right? Usually, there are two options available: for or against, yes or no, one side or the other. If you have strong beliefs about any political topic, you should give it a try.

Political corruption essay would be a good start, but there is no reason to avoid searching for other options…. Do you consider yourself to be a creative person? Do you enjoy dreaming and breaking the existing frames society lives in?Reduced government funding and higher operating costs are driving the need for change at universities.

The mismatch in employer needs and employee skills is leaving over seven million jobs unfilled in the U. These trends are opening the way for new approaches in higher education. Innovations in how post-secondary education are delivered, financed, and recognized are driven by a range of actors—from large public universities like Arizona State University to elite private institutions like MIT to the many relatively new education companies entering the sector like Make School, Courseraand Trilogy Education.

But to understand why these new approaches are emerging, we need to first look at what is driving them. One way students can evaluate whether to invest in higher education is through potential wage premiums—namely if what students would earn with their education is higher than what they would earn without it. An important element in understanding the return on investment of higher education is the cost of the degree.

The average wage premium in the EU and U. In the U. Tuition and fees have increased over 1, percent since the late s and the increase in the cost of food and housing was less than a third of that. Another aspect influencing recent innovations is the increase in tuition and fees, which stems from a mix of factors including reduced government funding and increased spending on amenities to attract students.

Universities are responding with cost cuts and seeking alternative revenue sources. For example, Purdue University has reduced its in-state student intake by approximately 4, over the last ten years—while increasing its out-of-state and international student intake by about 5,—as these students pay higher tuition largely without the need of financial aid.

In addition to reduced funding, rising costs, and decreasing wage premiums in places like the U. This skills mis-match is particularly acute in fields like computer science where real-world practice easily outpaces academic curricula.

Byone million computer science-related jobs will go unfilled, and many computer science programs at universities are outdated. In the words of one Make School college student attending its innovative tech program after taking computer science classes from the elite public university where he received a B.

There are currently seven million job openings and over 6. Of the job openings mentioned, 1. These major shifts in higher education are opening opportunities for new approaches and new actors to help support post-secondary learning and skill development.

There are six trends that are particularly notable.Generally described as taking place from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance promoted the rediscovery of classical philosophy, literature and art.

Top 6 trends in higher education

Some of the greatest thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and artists in human history thrived during this era, while global exploration opened up new lands and cultures to European commerce.

The Renaissance is credited with bridging the gap between the Middle Ages and modern-day civilization. During the Middle Agesa period that took place between the fall of ancient Rome in A. Some historians, however, believe that such grim depictions of the Middle Ages were greatly exaggerated, though many agree that there was relatively little regard for ancient Greek and Roman philosophies and learning at the time.

During the 14th century, a cultural movement called humanism began to gain momentum in Italy. Among its many principles, humanism promoted the idea that man was the center of his own universe, and people should embrace human achievements in education, classical arts, literature and science.

Inthe invention of the Gutenberg printing press allowed for improved communication throughout Europe and for ideas to spread more quickly. As a result of this advance in communication, little-known texts from early humanist authors such as those by Francesco Petrarch and Giovanni Boccaccio, which promoted the renewal of traditional Greek and Roman culture and values, were printed and distributed to the masses.

Additionally, many scholars believe advances in international finance and trade impacted culture in Europe and set the stage for the Renaissance. The Renaissance started in Florence, Italy, a place with a rich cultural history where wealthy citizens could afford to support budding artists.

Members of the powerful Medici familywhich ruled Florence for more than 60 years, were famous backers of the movement. Great Italian writers, artists, politicians and others declared that they were participating in an intellectual and artistic revolution that would be much different from what they experienced during the Dark Ages. Then, during the 15th century, Renaissance ideas spread from Italy to France and then throughout western and northern Europe. Although other European countries experienced their Renaissance later than Italy, the impacts were still revolutionary.

Some of the most famous and groundbreaking Renaissance intellectuals, artists, scientists and writers include the likes of:. Desiderius Erasmus — : Scholar from Holland who defined the humanist movement in Northern Europe. Translator of the New Testament into Greek. Rene Descartes — : French philosopher and mathematician regarded as the father of modern philosophy.

Galileo : Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer whose pioneering work with telescopes enabled him to describes the moons of Jupiter and rings of Saturn. Placed under house arrest for his views of a heliocentric universe. Nicolaus Copernicus — : Mathematician and astronomer who made first modern scientific argument for the concept of a heliocentric solar system. Giotto : Italian painter and architect whose more realistic depictions of human emotions influenced generations of artists.

Best known for his frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua. William Tyndale — : English biblical translator, humanist and scholar burned at the stake for translating the Bible into English. Raphael — : Italian painter who learned from da Vinci and Michelangelo. Art, architecture and science were closely linked during the Renaissance.

In fact, it was a unique time when these fields of study fused together seamlessly. For instance, artists like da Vinci incorporated scientific principles, such as anatomy into their work, so they could recreate the human body with extraordinary precision.A new government led by the League and the Five Stars Movement represents a novelty and an element of unpredictability for Italy and Europe.

Political scientist Luca Tomini underlines a problem the EU might soon be confronted with: a new challenge to liberal democracy, that subscribes to a global and European trend. Published on May 25, in ArticlesCartes blanches. There is something completely new and different that is emerging in the Italian political laboratory. It has already happened, in history, that political formulas took shape and have been tested in Italy before being successfully applied elsewhere.

There is a long-lasting Italian propensity to export political models and solutions which is not always a positive one, we should note. On March 4 legislative election took place in Italy. Despite the fact that results had been predicted by the polls, it was a truly political earthquake. The Democratic party PDwhich had led the government during the past five years, suffered a clear defeat scoring only However, despite the excellent electoral result of two political forces up to that moment in the opposition M5S and the Leagueactually no coalition or single party won sufficient seats to form a government.

The center right was willing to form a government with the 5-star movement. The League did not want to form a government with the Democratic Party. The M5S was not willing to form a government with the entire center right coalition, but just with the League, or alternatively, with the Democratic Party which on turn was not willing to join forces with either the M5S or the League, but just to support a technocratic government.

After more than two months of stalemate and failed negotiations, the direct intervention of the President of the Republic forced the political actors to a compromise. When President Mattarella announced his intention to appoint a Prime minister that would have prepared Italy for new elections, at the last minute, the Five-star movement and the League finally started negotiating to create a new government. Eventually, Giuseppe Conte, a Law Professor without political experience, has been chosen by the two party as Prime Minister of the future coalition government.

For the first time a founding country of the European Union, the third largest economy in the euro area, will be governed by two political forces that do not belong directly or indirectly to the three traditional European political families: Christian Democrats, Socialists or Liberals. Uncertainty is high on what will happen, an much depends on the different compromises that the two political actors will reach in the course of their government activity.

Nevertheless, several critical issues might emerge in the following months: relations with the European Union, the economic policy, foreign policy, as well as decisions on security and migration. However, this carte blanche gives special attention to an underlying political issue that will probably mark the following government. Italy is probably going to open a new front in the battle on the very nature of contemporary democracies in Europe. Afteroptimism on the fate of liberal democracy was spreading out and some even foresaw that this model of political regime would triumph without any competition.

Today, the perspective is completely different: in particular, after the crises that hit Europe, and the growth of the economic and geopolitical power of non-democratic regimes, today the principle of authoritarian governance has gained new momentum all over the world.

We should be aware of the fact that this model is gathering new supporters all around Europe, among governments and political parties. Technically, it is still a democratic system: elections are reasonably free, there is the possibility of participating in the electoral process and the possibility of political change. But in a delegative or illiberal democracy all checks and balances that prevents government from abuses of power, corruption, or misuse of public resources, in terms of judicial independence, respect for the Rule of Law, and media pluralism, are weak and someway controlled by the executive power.

Democracy should never be taken for granted.School legislation includes any federal, state, or local regulation that a school, its administration, teachers, staff, and constituents are required to follow. This legislation is intended to guide administrators and teachers in the daily operations of the school district. School districts sometimes feel inundated by new mandates. Sometimes a well-intended piece of legislation may have unintended negative ramifications.

When this occurs, administrators and teachers should lobby the governing body to make changes or improvements to the legislation. Each of these laws must be adhered to by virtually every school in the United States. Federal laws exist as a common means to address a substantial issue. Many of these issues involve the infringement of student rights and were enacted to protect those rights. State laws on education vary from state to state.

An education-related law in Wyoming may not be an enacted law in South Carolina. State legislation related to education often mirror the controlling parties core philosophies on education. This creates a myriad of varying policies across states. State laws regulate issues such as teacher retirement, teacher evaluations, charter schools, state testing requirements, required learning standards, and much more. At the core of every school district is the local school board. Local school boards have the power to create policies and regulations specifically for their district.

These policies are constantly revised, and new policies may be added yearly. School boards and school administrators must keep track of the revisions and additions so that they are always in compliance.

Legislative Field Placements & Social Work's Impact on Policy

In education, timing does matter. In recent years schools, administrators, and educators have been bombarded with well-intended legislation.

italian students as a political actor. the policy impact of the recent

Policymakers must be attentively aware of the volume of education measures allowed to move forward each year. Schools have been overwhelmed with the sheer number of legislative mandates. With so many changes, it has been almost impossible to do any one thing well.

italian students as a political actor. the policy impact of the recent

Legislation at any level must be rolled out in a balanced approach. Trying to implement a plethora of legislative mandates makes it almost impossible to give any measure a chance to be successful. School legislation at any level should only be passed if there is comprehensive research to prove that it will work.

A policymaker's first commitment in regards to education legislation is to the children in our education system. Students should benefit from any legislative measure either directly or indirectly.