B1b1 vaccine meaning

Immunity: Protection from an infectious disease. If you are immune to a disease, you can be exposed to it without becoming infected. Vaccines are usually administered through needle injections, but can also be administered by mouth or sprayed into the nose.

Vaccination: The act of introducing a vaccine into the body to produce immunity to a specific disease. Immunization: A process by which a person becomes protected against a disease through vaccination.

Gamefowl Vaccine : Animal Vaccine for Gamefowl Health and Growth - Agribusiness Philippines

This term is often used interchangeably with vaccination or inoculation. Top of Page. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Section Navigation. Immunization: The Basics. Minus Related Pages. On This Page. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website.

You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. CDC is not responsible for Section compliance accessibility on other federal or private website. Cancel Continue.The need for an Ebola vaccine in West Africa has never been greater. With Ebola still raging in West Africa, the race to find a vaccine is heating up.

On average, the vaccine has an efficacy of about 60 percent. That excuse scarcely exists now, for there are few physicians who cannot obtain a better form of vaccine within a very short time. We use the cow to get vaccine for small-pox, the horse to supply the anti-toxin for diphtheria.

The method of preparing the vaccine is similar to that recommended by Lignires. But he really ought to know the difference between a vaccine and an anti-toxin. As to its use, as stated by London, in lieu of the vaccine matter, it is altogether erroneous.

A substance prepared from dead or living microorganisms that is introduced into the body through inoculation. The vaccine causes the development of antibodieswhich produce immunity to the disease caused by the microorganism. Advertisement top definitions quizzes related content examples explore dictionary british medical scientific cultural vaccine.

Take this quiz on the Words of the Day from April 6—12 to find out! Words nearby vaccine vaccinavaccinalvaccinatevaccinationvaccinatorvaccinevaccine lymphvaccine pointvaccineevacciniavaccinia virus. Words related to vaccine needledosepharmaceuticalmedicationantibioticdrugremedycureprescriptionpillantibodydraminoculationboosterenemaanesthetictinctureantidotebalmsalve.

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Immunization: The Basics

Department of Agriculture. A preparation of a weakened or killed pathogen, such as a bacterium or virus, or of a portion of the pathogen's structure that upon administration stimulates antibody production against the pathogen but is incapable of causing severe infection.

A vaccine prepared from the cowpox virus and inoculated against smallpox. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. A preparation of a weakened or killed pathogen, such as a bacterium or virus, or of a portion of the pathogen's structure, that stimulates immune cells to recognize and attack it, especially through antibody production.

Most vaccines are given orally or by intramuscular or subcutaneous injection. See Note at Jenner. A Closer Look In the s, polio epidemics left thousands of children with permanent physical disabilities. Today, infants are given a vaccine to prevent infection with the polio virus.

That vaccine, like most others, works by stimulating the body's immune system to produce antibodies that destroy pathogens. Scientists usually prepare vaccines by taking a sample of the pathogen and destroying or weakening it with heat or chemicals. The inactivated or attenuated pathogen loses its ability to cause serious illness but is still able to stimulate antibody production, thereby conferring immunity. Many scientists no longer consider viruses to be living organisms Scientists are also able to change the structure of viruses and bacteria at the molecular level, altering DNA so that the potential of the vaccine to cause disease is decreased.Do Vaccines cause Autism?

b1b1 vaccine meaning

I have heard all over the news lately that the vaccines we give our children can cause Autism. Is this true? Is it dangerous? Should I vaccinate my one year old son?

Who Should Receive the Flu Vaccine? Should I go get vaccinated for the flu? I have been told it is advised only for certain people, so who should receive this vaccine? Does the flu vaccine protect from all kinds of flu? If I get a flu vaccine does that mean I am completely protected from getting the flu? No, the vaccine does not give complete protection from all the flu types out there. BCG vaccine see bcg vaccine. When the pertussis vaccine is an acellular form, the combination may be abbreviated DTaP.

DTP vaccine diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine. Haemophilus b conjugate vaccine HbCV a preparation of Haemophilus influenzae type b capsular polysaccharide covalently bound to diphtheria toxoid or to a specific diphtheria protein, meningococcal protein, or tetanus protein; it stimulates both B and T lymphocyte responses and is much more immunogenic than the polysaccharide vaccine.

Administered intramuscularly as a routine immunizing agent in infants and young children. Haemophilus b polysaccharide vaccine HbPV a preparation of highly purified capsular polysaccharide derived from Haemophilus influenzae type b, which stimulates an immune response in B lymphocytes only; administered intramuscularly or subcutaneously as an immunizing agent in children ages 18 months to 5 years.

Lyme disease vaccine recombinant OspA a preparation of outer surface protein A OspAa cell surface lipoprotein of Borrelia burgdorferi, produced by recombinant technology; administered intramuscularly for active immunization against lyme disease. It does not induce intestinal immunity and so is not effective for poliovirus eradication in areas where wild-type polioviruses still exist in large numbers.

However, it does not cause vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis and so is preferred for routine immunization in areas where the risk of infection by a wild-type poliovirus is very low, as in the United States.

Called also Salk vaccine. It is given orally, often on a sugar cube, and so is convenient for administration to children and large groups of people.

It induces both humoral and intestinal immunity, so is useful for immunization and poliomyelitis eradication in areas where wild-type polioviruses have not been eradicated.

b1b1 vaccine meaning

However, it can cause vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis in persons newly vaccinated with it and their contacts, which is considered an unjustifiable risk in countries such as the United States, where the risk of exposure to wild-type polioviruses is very low. Thus, for routine immunization in the United States, it has been superseded by poliovirus vaccine inactivated.

Called also Sabin vaccine. See human diploid cell v. Originally, the live vaccine vaccinia, cowpox virus inoculated in the skin as prophylaxis against smallpox and obtained from the skin of calves inoculated with seed virus.

Usage has extended the meaning to include essentially any preparation intended for active immunologic prophylaxis; for example, preparations of killed microbes of virulent strains or living microbes of attenuated variant or mutant strains; or microbial, fungal, plant, protozoal, or metazoan derivatives or products. Method of administration varies according to the vaccine, inoculation being the most common, but ingestion is preferred in some instances and nasal spray is used occasionally.

A preparation of a weakened or killed pathogen, such as a bacterium or virus, or of a portion of the pathogen's structure that upon administration to an individual stimulates antibody production or cellular immunity against the pathogen but is incapable of causing severe infection.To save this word, you'll need to log in. Here's what you should know. Here are your options," 6 Apr. Send us feedback.

See more words from the same year From the Editors at Merriam-Webster. Dictionary Entries near vaccine vaccinal vaccinate vaccination vaccine vaccinee vaccinia Vacciniaceae. Accessed 19 Apr. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for vaccine vaccine. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. What does capricious mean?

Vaccine Acronyms & Abbreviations*

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! We have a hard decision to make. Or 'unessential'? And who put it there, anyway?

Hepatitis B vaccine

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Can you correctly identify these flowers? Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Do you know the person or title these quotes describe? Login or Register. Save Word. Log In. Definition of vaccine. Keep scrolling for more. Other Words from vaccine vaccine adjective. First Known Use of vaccinein the meaning defined above. Learn More about vaccine. Time Traveler for vaccine The first known use of vaccine was in See more words from the same year.

From the Editors at Merriam-Webster. Dictionary Entries near vaccine vaccinal vaccinate vaccination vaccine vaccinee vaccinia Vacciniaceae See More Nearby Entries. More Definitions for vaccine. English Language Learners Definition of vaccine. Kids Definition of vaccine. Comments on vaccine What made you want to look up vaccine? Get Word of the Day daily email! Test Your Vocabulary. Love words? Need even more definitions?Vaccinesuspension of weakened, killed, or fragmented microorganisms or toxins or of antibodies or lymphocytes that is administered primarily to prevent disease.

A vaccine can confer active immunity against a specific harmful agent by stimulating the immune system to attack the agent. Once stimulated by a vaccine, the antibody-producing cells, called B cells or B lymphocytesremain sensitized and ready to respond to the agent should it ever gain entry to the body. A vaccine may also confer passive immunity by providing antibodies or lymphocytes already made by an animal or human donor.

Vaccines are usually administered by injection parenteral administrationbut some are given orally or even nasally in the case of flu vaccine. Vaccines applied to mucosal surfaces, such as those lining the gut or nasal passages, seem to stimulate a greater antibody response and may be the most effective route of administration.

For further information, see immunization. The first vaccine was introduced by British physician Edward Jennerwho in used the cowpox virus vaccinia to confer protection against smallpoxa related virus, in humans.

Prior to that use, however, the principle of vaccination was applied by Asian physicians who gave children dried crusts from the lesions of people suffering from smallpox to protect against the disease. While some developed immunity, others developed the disease.

He thus exploited the relatively rare situation in which immunity to one virus confers protection against another viral disease. In French microbiologist Louis Pasteur demonstrated immunization against anthrax by injecting sheep with a preparation containing attenuated forms of the bacillus that causes the disease. Four years later he developed a protective suspension against rabies. Through vaccination, smallpox was eradicated worldwide byand polio cases declined by 99 percent.

Other examples of diseases for which vaccines have been developed include mumpsmeaslestyphoid fevercholeraplaguetuberculosistularemiapneumococcal infection, tetanusinfluenzayellow feverhepatitis A, hepatitis Bsome types of encephalitisand typhus —although some of those vaccines are less than percent effective or are used only in populations at high risk.

Vaccines against viruses provide especially important immune protection, since, unlike bacterial infections, viral infections do not respond to antibiotics. The challenge in vaccine development consists in devising a vaccine strong enough to ward off infection without making the individual seriously ill. To that end, researchers have devised different types of vaccines. Weakened, or attenuatedvaccines consist of microorganisms that have lost the ability to cause serious illness but retain the ability to stimulate immunity.

They may produce a mild or subclinical form of the disease. Attenuated vaccines include those for measles, mumps, polio the Sabin vaccinerubellaand tuberculosis. Inactivated vaccines are those that contain organisms that have been killed or inactivated with heat or chemicals. Inactivated vaccines elicit an immune response, but the response often is less complete than with attenuated vaccines.This vaccine contains the B1 type, B1 strain of Newcastle disease virus.

It is recommended for the initial vaccination of healthy chickens at one day of age using the eyedrop or coarse spray method, or for the vaccination of healthy chickens 14 days of age or older using the drinking water or coarse aerosol spray as an aid in the prevention of Newcastle disease. Do not freeze. Do not vaccinate within 21 days of slaughter.

Use entire contents when first opened. Burn this container and all unused contents. Contains Streptomycin Sulfate and Penicillin as bacteriostatic agents and Amphotericin B as a fungistatic agent.

This vaccine is recommended for the protection of healthy chickens. It is essential that the chickens be maintained under good environmental conditions and that exposure to disease viruses be reduced as much as possible. The vaccine used for intraocular vaccination is accompanied by diluent and is recommended for the vaccination of healthy chickens one day of age or older using the 1, dose vial only.

Remove aluminum seal and rubber stopper from vaccine vial and diluent vial. Avoid contamination of stoppers and contents. Add diluent to half-fill the vaccine vial. Replace stopper in vial and shake it so that all contents are dissolved. Pour the reconstituted vaccine into the diluent container. Replace stopper in diluent container and shake. Be sure the vaccine spreads over the eye before releasing the bird.

b1b1 vaccine meaning

Coarse spray primary vaccination using the cabinet application is recommended for healthy chickens at one day of age. Each box of chickens should receive approximately 7 ml of vaccine. The exact amount can be determined by spraying into a calibrated tube or container to arrive at the number of applications needed to deliver 7 ml of vaccine. Provide sufficient waterers so that all the chickens can drink at one time. Shut off water supply and allow chickens to consume all the water in the lines.

Withhold all water from the chickens for a minimum of two hours in warm weather to four hours in cool weather prior to vaccination to stimulate thirst. Withdrawal time should be reduced if half-house brooding is in process. Drinking water for vaccine delivery should contain one ounce 29 gram of non-fat dry milk per gallon 3. Lower waterers and allow the chickens to drink freely. Add the remaining vaccine solution to the water lines as the chickens drink.

Drinking water vaccination is recommended for healthy chickens 14 days of age or older. Calculate to supply vaccine solution at a rate of 3 gallons 11 liters per 1, chickens in cool weather and 4 gallons 15 liters per 1, chickens in warm weather.

b1b1 vaccine meaning

The age of the chickens should be considered when calculating water supply.The originating document has been archived. We cannot confirm the completeness, accuracy and currency of the content. These Newcastle Disease Vaccines accompanied by diluent are recommended for the vaccination of healthy chickens one day of age or older.

Newcastle Disease Vaccine, B1 Type, LaSota Strain, Live Virus

Remove seal and stopper from vaccine and diluent vials. Avoid contamination of stoppers and contents. Add diluent to half-fill the vaccine vial. Replace stopper and shake until contents are dissolved. Do not release bird until vaccine has been inhaled. These Newcastle Disease Vaccines are recommended for the vaccination of healthy chickens 2 weeks of age or older. Discontinue use of medications or sanitizing agents in the drinking water 24 hours before vaccinating.

Do not resume use for 24 hours following vaccination. Water used for the drinking-water administration of a live virus vaccine must be non-chlorinated. Provide enough waterers so two-thirds of the birds may drink at one time. Scrub waterers, with fresh, clean, non-chlorinated water, and use no disinfectant. Let the waterers drain dry. Turn off automatic waterers, so the only available water is the vaccine water. Do not give vaccine water through medication tanks.

Withhold water for 2 hours before vaccinating. Do not deprive the birds of water if the temperature is extremely high. Distribute the final volume of vaccine water evenly among the clean waterers. Do not place the waterers in direct sunlight. Resume regular water administration only after all the vaccine water has been consumed. These Newcastle Disease Vaccines may be used for the revaccination of healthy chickens 4 weeks of age or older by spraying the vaccine solution above the chickens.

A sprayer that delivers a coarse spray quickly and evenly is recommended. Pour rehydrated vaccine into a clean container and add cool, distilled water per chart below and shake thoroughly. Direct the spray above the heads of the birds. See chart below:. This spray method of vaccination should be employed in poultry houses where air movement can be reduced to a minimum. Before spraying the vaccine solution, close the house and shut off mechanical ventilation.

Maintain these conditions both during spraying and for 20 minutes afterwards. Any sprayer used for application of a live virus vaccine should be used for no other purpose.